This page is most helpful for knowing English correctly. Direct: I never get up late, my mother said. Pin. Grammar can be confusing in any language and …, What is an adverbial phrase? If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Note:-An in indirect speech we talk about such incidents that are after the time of reporting and had happened away from the place of reporting therefore the words that show nearness has to be replaced by the words that show distance.Some exception in these changes. In indirect speech, words generally have referents appropriate to the context in which the act of reporting takes place, rather than that in which the speech act being reported took place (or is conceived as taking place). Good job , thank you for your help , l wonder if it’s possible to have all of it as pdf book ? Fundamental rules to change a Direct speech to indirect speech. Indirect: My mother said that she never got up late. Rules for the change of adverbs. Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences. Reported Speech Solved Examples Exercises for Class 7 CBSE. Time Expressions with Reported Speech Sometimes when we change direct speech into reported speech we have to change time expressions too. Note the change in first person (I) and second person (your) pronouns and word order in the indirect versions. If in direct speech, a statement is always true or an action is still continuing, we do not change the tense when converting it into indirect speech, as a change of tense might give the wrong meaning. “If you come to school tomorrow, I will explain it.” 4. Direct and Indirect Speech examples with present, past, future tense, with imperative, exclamatory, optative, with let and question sentences, pdf download. Direct and Indirect Speech! Direct Speech Saying exactly what someone has said is called direct speech (sometimes called quoted speech) Here what a person says appears within quotation marks (“…”) and should be word for word. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. MUST, MAY, CAN, MIGHT, etc For converting direct speech into indirect speech, Present Modals (e.g. [indirect speech] Direct Speech Example: He said, “I am hungry” will) into “would“, Future Progressive Tense (e.g. The tense of the reporting verb is never changed. 1.Come is changed to go if there is some word given after come that shows nearness.. 2. This will help you to better be able to determine which is which and use them more freely in your own speech. The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. With a past-tense verb in the direct quote, the verb changes to past perfect. Tina said to me, “Are you busy now?” [direct speech] Tina asked me whether I was busy then. In the first example below, the verb in the present tense in the line of direct speech (is) may change to the past tense (was) in indirect speech, though it doesn't necessarily have to with a present-tense verb. Using the technique is a way to follow a character's point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration. He said to me, “I have often told you not to play with me.” 2. Thus: i. We don't always have to do this, however. Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Tense. Change the following into indirect speech : 1. When you are looking at nouns in …, This article provides the definition, types of simple sentences and …, Verbs Followed by Infinitives! will be) into “would be“, Future Perfect Tense (e.g. If it makes sense in context to keep it present tense, that's fine. The tenses generally move backwards in this way: Present Simple Tense into Past Simple Tense, Present Continuous Tense into Past Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense into Past Perfect Tense, Past Simple Tense into Past Perfect Tense, Past Continuous Tense into Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense (The tense remains unchanged), Future Simple Tense (e.g. "Time" refers to the actual time that something happens, such as "today" or "now" or "5 weeks ago". Indirect She said the test was difficult. In direct speech, a person's exact words are placed in quotation marks and set off with a comma and a reporting clause or signal phrase, such as "said" or "asked." She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." Tense Change: As a rule, whenever we change a sentence from quoted speech into reported speech, we go one tense back. Next example, changing the above direct speech, or indirect or reported speech begins a! 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